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5 Basic Swimming Skills Every Swimmer Needs

Swimming Skills

Swimming Skills is the ability to synchronize your breaths with your strokes is sometimes underestimated among. When learning to breathe while swimming, novices tend to raise their heads out of the water and gasp for air when they run out.

However, interrupting your swimming beat slows you down and wears you out. And if you need to learn how to breathe while swimming, it will be challenging to create synchronized, fluid motions.

The fundamental concept is to exhale through your mouth and nose while your head is submerged, then move your head to the side and inhale deeply before dipping your face back under the surface. Practice this move when holding onto the pool’s edge with your arms extended.

Facing the wall with your hands on the pool’s edge, stand in chest-deep water in the collection while facing the wall.
Bend at the waist, inhale deeply, and submerge your face in the water.
Exhale the air from your lungs slowly yet forcefully via your nose and mouth.
As you exhale, rotate your head and tip it toward the water’s surface.
Once your cheek and lips break the surface of the water, inhale. Do not gasp or raise your head excessively.
Repeat the exercise while breathing alternately to the left and right sides.

Swimming skills Tip

Once you feel comfortable breathing while hanging onto the pool’s edge, attempt the same breathing technique while holding onto a kickboard and propelling yourself through the water using your legs.

Alternately, you can place a pull-buoy (a foam float that keeps your legs afloat) between your thighs so that you can concentrate on coordinating your upper body movements with your breathing


Sculling during swimming skills provides a sense of movement through the water and prevents you from sinking. Expert synchronized swimmers and water polo players also rely on sculling. Sculling is one of the first swimming skills taught to novices.

While horizontally positioned in the water (on your stomach), move your hands, palms down, and fingers below the wrists in a circular or figure-eight motion just below the water’s surface, applying downward pressure.
Put a pull-buoy between your legs, so you do not have to kick.
For a forward scull, maintain your arms straight in front of you. Bend your elbows slightly and position your hands wider than your shoulders for a mid-scull.

Coordinating Your Action

Beginner swimmers often chop haphazardly through the water with their limbs. That’s OK. It takes some time to learn how to move your limbs in time. To propel yourself forward, you must also get used to

Similarly, swimming skills aim to allow the legs to rise behind the torso and maintain a streamlined, slender stance. This minimizes water resistance and makes you a more effective swimmer over time.

Learning Strokes

Your next task is to master a particular stroke after you are comfortable with your fundamental swimming skills. Although it takes a little more skill than front crawl, breaststroke delivers a solid, smooth stroke that is perfect for novices.

Holding your head up, stay straight at the water’s surface.
Pull your arms in so that your hands are almost touching.
Bend your knees and bring your feet up like a frog with the soles pointing out to each side as your hands come to your chest.
At the same time that you extend forward with your hands, push back with your legs. You should be able to go through the water with this dual propulsion.


Even if it begins outside of the water, diving into the pool is one of the fundamental swimming skills. Always practice diving with a lifeguard on duty in a deep pool.

When you initially learn to dive, all you may do is raise your hands over your head and gently curve your body forward until you fall in head first.

To enter the water smoothly as you advance, try a little leap and straightening your legs behind you as you dive.

Read More: 5 Key Cricket Skills You Can Expect To Learn

Different Swimming Styles and Strokes

Freestyle/Front Crawl

When you think about swimming, you probably think of the front crawl as the first swimming stroke that comes to mind. It is frequently referred to as the freestyle stroke since most swimmers utilize it while competing in freestyle events because it is the most efficient.

To do a front crawl, you must first get on your stomach and align your body such that it is perpendicular to the water. You may propel yourself ahead by alternating the motions of your arms like a windmill, which begins with you pushing underwater and recovers with you going above water. Your legs should drive you with a flutter kick conducted. This kind of kick is accomplished with a flutter kick. Swimming skills do not bend your knees or your legs in any way.

Turning your head to the side when your arm is in the recovery position (above water) can help you synchronize the timing of your breaths with your swimming skills. If you tilt your head too much and face upward, you will sink into it rather than staying above the water. So try not to do that.


Although the front crawl and the backstroke need many of the same motions, the backstroke is a swimming skills performed when the swimmer is on their back. Due to the excellent back exercise that this stroke offers, medical professionals often recommend it to patients experiencing back pain.

To complete a backstroke, you must float on your back and alternate your arms like a windmill to push yourself backward. Like the front crawl, the circular motion of your arms should begin with a push underwater, followed by a recovery above water. Your lower body should do a flutter kick using your legs. When you gaze straight up, the top of your head should be visible over the water.

Maintain as much straightness in your torso as possible, but stoop slightly at the waist to keep your legs submerged in the water. It will slow you down if you let your hips drop too low or your body bends too much, so try to avoid doing either of those things. Maintain a tight relationship between your legs, and drive the action of your kick from your hips for maximum force.

Your face won’t be submerged, but you should still pay attention to the rhythm of your breathing, even if it won’t be visible to anybody else. Again, ensure your breathing is in sync with your swimming skills.


Although it is the swimming skills that is taught the most often, the breaststroke is the competitive swimming world’s slowest stroke. As a result of the fact that it does not need placing your head under water, it is often taught to beginning swimmers. On the other hand, while swimming for competition, swimmers are expected to breathe and submerge their heads at certain moments in each stroke.

When you do this stroke, you should have your stomach facing down. Your arms travel concurrently below the surface of the water in front of your torso in a motion that is half circular. The whip kick is performed simultaneously by both of your legs. When doing a whip kick, you should move your legs from straight behind you near to your torso by bending both at your knees and at your hips. This will allow you to execute the kick effectively. After that, your legs will travel outside and to the side before you will lengthen them and bring them back together. The movement of a frog is often used as an analogy for this particular swimming skills style.

To get more efficient propulsion, you should time each arm stroke to match your leg motions. To do this, you should relax your arms while your legs kick and then straighten your legs as your arms propel you forward swimming skills. This ensures that there is always something taking place to keep the forward momentum going.

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